2-2 Discussion: Classical vs. Positivist
One of the central ideas from the classical school of thought is that people choose to commit crimes, and to prevent them from doing that, we need to make better laws that provide a greater sense of deterrence. The positivist school of thought suggests that there are scientific explanations that cause people to commit crimes. Both schools of thought have led to significant changes in criminal justice practices. Which school of thought do you believe has influenced criminal justice practices the most?
Take a position. Do you believe the classical school of thought or the positivist school of thought has had the most influence on criminal justice practices?
First, title your initial post either “The classical school of thought has influenced criminal justice practices the most” or “The positivist school of thought has influenced the criminal justice system the most.”
Then, using the information from resources in this module, make your case. What practices in the criminal justice system are evidence of the influence of your chosen school of thought? Consider the impact on the following:
- laws or policies
- law enforcement
- court system and sentencing
- corrections, rehabilitation, parole
- reducing crime rates and recidivism
In your responses to your peers, consider how well they justified their positions, making use of available resources. Consider the following questions in your response post:
- Did they support their position convincingly using appropriate resources?
- Which of their points make the most sense to you, even if you made a case for the opposing viewpoint?
To complete this assignment, review the Discussion Rubric.