7-1 Practice Activity: choose a criminological theory you believe explains a particular criminal behavior, and then assess whether the applied theory is ethical or unethical
In this practice activity, you will choose a criminological theory you believe explains a particular criminal behavior, and then assess whether the applied theory is ethical or unethical.
While the intention of criminological theories is to explain why people commit crimes, the results of some theories when applied may lead to unethical outcomes. For example, the theory that genetic testing can help identify people that may be more likely to commit crime may seem like a scientifically logical way to explain behavior (see page 272 in the article, “The Return of Lombroso? Ethical Aspects of (Visions of) Preventative Forensic Screening” in the Role of Ethics resource section). But how should criminal justice professionals apply that theory? Should every person have genetic testing? Should people whose genetic testing reveals they might be more likely to commit crimes be sent through special programs, or simply removed from society? None of those options would be considered ethical. This is just one example, but it highlights the importance of assessing the outcome of any applied criminological theory to make sure it is ethical and unbiased.
Using the provided Module Seven Practice Activity Template Word Document, do the following:
Choose two criminal behaviors from the list provided in the template. Then, based on what you have learned in your resources, choose the criminological theory from the provided list in the template you believe best explains each criminal behavior. (Please do not use the same theory to explain both criminal behaviors.) Next, in 100 to 150 words for each theory, describe how you believe it explains the criminal behavior. Lastly, in 100 to 150 words, explain how each theory is ethical or unethical.
Specifically, the following rubric criteria must be addressed:
- Identify two criminological theories that best explain specific criminal behavior.
- Describe how each criminological theory explains the criminal behavior.
- Explain how each applied criminological theory is ethical or not ethical.
What to Submit
This assignment must be completed using the provided template. Any references should be cited in APA style. Consult the Shapiro Library APA Style Guide for more information on citations.